There is nothing quite like eating fresh, ripe fruit that has just been picked off a tree. Unless, of course, the fruit you are about to take a bite into is contaminated with bacteria. Unbeknownst to many homeowners and nursery owners, fruit tree diseases are quite common. Aside from spoiling an afternoon snack, these issues can have a considerable impact on the nation’s fruit supply. Being aware of the many forms of bacteria and pests that can inflict damage and lead to rotting is the key to keeping these problems at bay.
There are a few common diseases that most fruit trees are subjected to, although there have been quite a few reported incidences of exotic pests. Here is a list of common problems you will want to know about in case you intend on planting an apple, pear, peach or cherry tree. Don’t hesitate to contact a tree service firm if you think one of your trees has been affected. In the event of wood rot, these companies will have the equipment and experience necessary for safely removing the damaged area. After all, contaminated fruit is not the only problem that can occur.
Types of Fruit Tree Diseases
- Apple scab; caused by a disease known as ascomycete fungus, apple scab is quite common and is generally easily identifiable. Although the disease typically does not inflict enough damage to render the host tree unusable altogether, it has been known to drastically reduce the fruit supply that can be obtained. The tell-tale sign of apple scab are black fungus-like legions that are present on the surface. The problem with fungal diseases like ascomycete is that they spread through the air. This is why proper pest control methods are an absolute must for apple orchard farms.
- Peach Leaf Curl; this is one of the most common types of peach tree diseases. It attacks the leaves of the tree and causes them to curl and change colors. If given enough time, the disease will ultimately lead to the decay of the leaves altogether. Peaches can also be affected and often fail to mature in time for harvest.
- Shot-Hole; this is a form of bacteria that affects stone fruit. The affliction affects the entire tree (twigs, trunk, and branches) as well as the fruit itself. In regards to the latter, the result is a decayed surface that develops a pit or canker.
While this list of fruit tree diseases is certainly not exhaustive, it does offer some insight into the importance of keeping these trees adequately protected. Contact a tree removal service company if you think you may have an issue.